Nova Scotia

In this region decoys were used for bay, inlet, and close shore hunting (merganser, whistler, blue bill, and black duck); offshore hunting for sea ducks (eider, scoter, and old squaw): as well as for shorebirds (yellowleg and plover). Duck decoy bodies were of solid construction carved from pine, spruce, and fir. They usually had flat bottoms, rounded backs, and were rigged fore and aft. Painting was not elaborate since many sea ducks were hunted and they were not very wary.

While most heads were simply attached to the body, some carvers used an inlaid method. For shorebird, or snipe, decoys (also called stick-ups) heads made of roots were often used. Goose decoys were usually made in three pieces due to the scarcity of lumber.

Noted regional carvers included: Edwin Backman, Orran Hiltz, Linsey Levy, Stan Sawler, Ottis Hatt, Jesse Clayton Obed, Willard Robertson, Frank Selig, and Ned Mackay.