The Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife is responsible for waterfowl hunting in the state. In 1919 the Department aquired 1000 acres of wildlife habitat in Milton, Vermont, purchasing wetlands that established the Sanbar Wildlife Refuge -- This was the forerunner of today's Wildlife Management Areas (WMAs).

Today the Department owns and operates over 80 WMAs in five districts throughout the state. All of which are open to hunting in the appropriate seasons. In addition, the Department has identified three waterfowl zones -- The Lake Champlain and Champlain Valley Zone, The Interior Zone, and The Connecticut River Zone.

The best waterfowl hunting is in the Champlain Valley where numerous public wetlands provide excellent hunting opportunities...Also good waterfowl hunting can be had in the "Northeast Kingdom" on and along Lake Memphremagog and its tributary rivers. Black Duck, American Coot, Pintails, Mallards, Mergansers, Redheads, Teal, Brant, Wood Duck, Scoters, Canada Geese, Snow Geese, Blue Geese, Goldeneyes, Ring-necks, and Buffleheads may be hunted during season and within specified limits.

For detailed information on WMAs, other public hunting areas, and detailed maps, as well as hunting seasons, bag limits, and licensing requirements please contact the Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife or visit their web site at

In addition, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service operates two National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs) in Vermont -- Missisquoi and Silvio O. Conte -- Both of which allow waterfowl hunting in season. Please contact the refuge for specifics or visit their web site through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services' refuge system web site at